Rob Vernon Gerry McDonnell Armin Schmidt


Geophysical surveys are a standard method of site assessment. However very few are used specifically to evaluate structures associated with metallurgical activity. Routine geophysical surveys frequently encounter ironworking activity but this data is usually ignored as it tends to be excessively ‘noisy’ and difficult to interpret. A combination of geophysical surveying techniques were applied to three iron-smelting sites in North Yorkshire to investigate the effectiveness of geophysics in identifying iron-working activity.


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How to Cite
An integrated geophysical and analytical appraisal of early iron-working: three case studies. (2022). Historical Metallurgy, 32(2), 67-81.