Allan Hall Effie Photos-Jones


The regional and local geology underlies the availability and type of natural resources, be it ore, woodland or water, and was the fundamental influence on the locations chosen for iron making. Possible sources of iron ore available to early bloomery iron workers in Scotland have been established from the recorded sources of iron ore. Moreover, using modern knowledge of iron geochemistry
as well as the local and regional geology, further potential sources of iron may be predicted. The question of the original ore used at a bloomery site can be tackled by looking for the remains of ore processing/crushing, using techniques such as ore petrography. In spite of much geological evidence for potential iron ores other than bog ore, no positive evidence for their use was found at the
bloomery sites investigated. Iron-rich manganiferous slags with minor silica suggest that bog iron ore was used.


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How to Cite
The bloomery mounds of the Scottish Highlands. Part 2: A review of iron mineralization. (2022). Historical Metallurgy, 32(2), 54-66.